The Early Years Foundation Stage consists of nursery (children aged 3-4 years) and Reception (children aged 4-5 years). Within both year groups the children follow the foundation stage curriculum.
At Wembley Primary School we believe it is important to view the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) as preparation for life and not simply preparation for the next stage of education. The Early Years Foundation Stage is recognised as a key stage in children’s development in its own right and is an essential starting point for young children.
The EYFS is based upon four principles:
• That every child is a unique child, who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.
• That children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships.
• That children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and/or carers.
• Learning and development: children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates. The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities. We reflect this through our inclusive Early Years provision.
The curriculum covers seven areas of learning and development, which are known as the early learning goals. Each of these areas allows children to develop skills for their future learning.
The expectation for the end of the Foundation Stage is that each child will have established skills in the following areas:
1. Communication and Language
Listening and Attention – listen attentively in a range of situations. Give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately.
Understanding – Follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. Answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.
Speaking – Express themselves effectively, showing an awareness of the listener. Use past and present forms correctly. Interpret experiences in their own style and give explanations
2. Physical Development
Moving and Handling – Show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. Move confidently, safely and negotiate space. Handle equipment effectively, including pencils for writing.
Health and Self Care – Know the importance of good health, physical exercise and a healthy diet. Be able to manage their own hygiene and personal needs.
3. Personal Social and Emotional Development
Self-confidence and self-awareness – Develop confidence to speak in familiar groups, offer ideas, choose resources independently and say when they do or do not need help.
Managing feelings and behaviour – Understand and discuss the importance of behaviour and it’s consequences. Work as part of a group or class, understand and follow rules and take changes of routine in their stride.
Making relationships – Play co-operatively, taking turns and taking account of others ideas. Show sensitivity and form positive relationships with adults and other children.
Reading – Read and understand simple sentences using their phonic knowledge. Read some common and irregular words. Demonstrate understanding about what they have read.
Writing – Use phonic knowledge to write words that match their spoken sounds. Write some irregular common words. Write simple sentences, which can be read by themselves and others. Spell some words correctly and attempt to write more complicated words using their knowledge of sounds.
Numbers – Count reliably from one to twenty, place them in order, say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Add and subtract two single digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. Solve problems including; doubling, halving and sharing.
Shape Space and Measures – Use every day language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money. Recognise, create and describe patterns. Use mathematical language and problem solving techniques in every day situations.
6. Understanding the World
People and communities – Talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. Know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things and be sensitive to this. Know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, families, communities and traditions.
The World – Know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects and living things. Talk about the features of their own environment and how other environments may vary. Make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes.
Technology – Recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. Select and use technology for particular purposes.
7. Expressive Arts and Design
Exploring using media and materials – Sing songs, make music and dance safely. Use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture form and function.
Being imaginative – Represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories.
Please read more information about the EYFS below